What is Jatropha

Jatropha is a valuable multi-purpose crop known to have spread from South America by the Portuguese explorers. Jatropha establishes itself easily even in arid and waste land where other crops would not do well. Jatropha naturally repels both animals and insects, and therefore not requiring intensive management for its growth and maintenance. Jatropha seeds, once processed, have similar physical and chemical properties and a similar energy value to normal fossil diesel. This can be blended with conventional diesel or can be used directly in some diesel-powered vehicles and machines. Jatropha seeds contain more than 30% Oil.

Some Important Facts about Jatropha

  • It’s an oil seed tree.
  • It produces very high quality green oil.
  • It has a very high yield – 300 - 500 litres a year per acre
  • It flourishes even on a land which is not suitable for food crop that is unsuitable for food production.
  • A single tree can produce 300 – 500 ml of green oil per year.
  • It can also (from the residues after crushing) produce De Oiled Cake (DOC) nitrogen-rich fertilizers,
  • medicines and latex.
  • It will only grow satisfactorily within the Tropics (/- 30º latitude) so is ideal for farming in poverty-stricken regions.

Advantages of Jatropha

  • Low cost seeds and High oil content
  • Increased safety due to higher flash point and small gestation period
  • Growth on good and degraded soil
  • Growth in low and high rainfall areas
  • Does not require special expertise to farm
  • Seeds can be harvested in non-rainy season
  • Plant size makes collection of seeds more convenient and
  • Fertilizer doses and its application.
  • Pest & Disease control.
  • Harvesting and packing.
  • Marketing of the product at best prices.